There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe. Babies with mild microcephaly may still meet the same milestones like speaking, sitting and walking as a child without the disorder.
Can microcephaly be normal?
Some children with small heads have normal intelligence. Microcephaly may be caused by problems during a woman’s pregnancy. In some cases, it may be caused by inheriting an abnormal gene. Microcephaly is a lifelong condition that has no cure.
How does microcephaly affect a child?
Microcephaly has been linked with the following problems: Seizures. Developmental delay, such as problems with speech or other developmental milestones (like sitting, standing, and walking) Intellectual disability (decreased ability to learn and function in daily life)
Can a child with microcephaly be normal?
Microcephaly in children is a rare and genetic condition. Some children with microcephaly are both with normal intelligence and have normal developmental milestones, but their heads will always be smaller than normal children for their age and sex. Even in such cases, a regular follow-up with the doctor is advised.
Can microcephaly go away?
There’s no cure for microcephaly, but there are treatments to help with development, behavior, and seizures. If your child has mild microcephaly, they’ll need regular doctor checkups to monitor how they grow and develop. Children who have more severe cases need lifelong treatment to control symptoms.
Does small head mean small brain?
Even though head size also depends on factors such as the muscularity of the head and thickness of the bone, it’s very likely that a bigger head means a bigger brain. But Hurlburt says people with bigger brains aren’t necessarily smarter than those with smaller ones.
Can Pachygyria be cured?
Treatment. Because pachygyria is a structural defect no treatments are currently available other than symptomatic treatments, especially for associated seizures. Another common treatment is a gastrostomy (insertion of a feeding tube) to reduce possible poor nutrition and repeated aspiration pneumonia.
Does microcephaly run in families?
Microcephaly is either caused by exposure to harmful substances during the fetal development, or it may be associated with genetic problems or syndromes that may have a tendency to run in families.
What is the pinhead disease?
Microcephaly (from New Latin microcephalia, from Ancient Greek μικρός mikrós “small” and κεφαλή kephalé “head”) is a medical condition involving a smaller-than-normal head. Microcephaly may be present at birth or it may develop in the first few years of life.
What size head is microcephaly?
Normal head circumferences in term infants range from 32 to 38 cm. Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference 2 standard deviations (SDs) below the mean for age and sex or roughly less than the 2nd percentile.
Do babies with microcephaly smile?
Marques said that head control, the ability to lift and support the head without help, in babies with microcephaly was “quite rare.” Having a social smile and eye contact is less rare, he said, depending on the type of visual damage and on whether they receive enough visual stimulation to strengthen their ability to …
Should I worry if my baby has a small head?
When to see a doctor
Chances are your doctor will detect microcephaly at the baby’s birth or at a regular well-baby checkup. However, if you think your baby’s head is smaller than normal or isn’t growing as it should, talk to your doctor.
Does microcephaly cause retardation?
Signs and symptoms of microcephaly may include a smaller than normal head circumference that usually remains smaller than normal as the child grows, dwarfism or short stature, delayed motor and speech functions, mental retardation, seizures, facial distortions, hyperactivity, balance and coordination problems, and …
How can I help my baby’s head grow?
Supervise your baby on a blanket on the counter (with your hand on their back), bend down to talk to them, and see if they try to lift their head to look at you. Put your baby on your chest on their tummy facing you and softly talk to them to try to encourage them to lift their head.
Can a baby develop microcephaly after birth?
Microcephaly linked to prenatal infections such as Zika sometimes causes with vision and hearing problems. Microcephaly is often congenital, meaning a baby is born with the condition. In other cases, a baby can develop microcephaly after birth.
Is microcephaly a genetic disorder?
Microcephaly is an autosomal recessive gene disorder. Autosomal means that boys and girls are equally affected. Recessive means that two copies of the gene, one from each parent, are needed to have the condition. Some genetic disorders that cause microcephaly are X-linked.