How can I protect my baby from meningitis?

Are babies protected from meningitis?

Meningitis vaccines are routinely given to babies from the age of 2 months onwards. Young children have less developed immune systems than older age groups which means that they are at increased risk. Vaccination is a safe way to develop protection against some common causes of disease.

How can meningitis be prevented?

These steps can help prevent meningitis:

  1. Wash your hands. Careful hand-washing helps prevent the spread of germs. …
  2. Practice good hygiene. Don’t share drinks, foods, straws, eating utensils, lip balms or toothbrushes with anyone else. …
  3. Stay healthy. …
  4. Cover your mouth. …
  5. If you’re pregnant, take care with food.

Can immune system prevent meningitis?

A healthy immune system can help prevent an infection from the viruses and bacteria that cause meningitis. Keep your immune system at its fighting best by eating healthy — including fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins — and by getting regular exercise.

How does a child catch meningitis?

Meningitis is usually caught from people who carry these viruses or bacteria in their nose or throat but are not ill themselves. It can also be caught from someone with meningitis, but this is less common.

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Can baby still get meningitis if vaccinated?

Vaccinating babies at these times helps protect them when they are most at risk of developing MenB disease. The MenB vaccine will not protect against other bacteria and viruses that can cause meningitis and septicaemia.

Can you vaccinate against meningitis?

The meningitis B vaccine is a vaccine that offers protection against meningococcal group B bacteria, which are a common cause of meningitis in young children in the UK. The vaccine is recommended for babies aged 8 weeks, followed by a second dose at 16 weeks and a booster at 1 year.

Who is most at risk of meningitis?

Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but rates of disease are highest in children younger than 1 year old, with a second peak in adolescence. Among teens and young adults, those 16 through 23 years old have the highest rates of meningococcal disease.

How do I know if my child has meningitis?

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia in babies and toddlers.

  1. Fever, cold hands and feet.
  2. Refusing food and vomiting.
  3. Fretful, dislike being handled.
  4. Drowsy, floppy, unresponsive.
  5. Rapid breathing or grunting.
  6. Pale, blotchy skin. Spots/rash.
  7. Unusual cry, moaning.
  8. Tense, bulging fontanelle (soft spot)

What are the symptoms of meningitis in babies?

Say that you are worried it could be meningitis or septicaemia.

  • Tense or bulging soft spot.
  • High temperature. ( …
  • Very sleepy / staing / expression / too sleepy to wake up.
  • Breathing fast / difficulty breathing.
  • Extreme shivering.
  • ‘Pin prick’ rash / marks or purple bruises anywhere on the body.
  • Sometimes diarrhoea.

What are the main causes of meningitis?

Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection.

  • meningococcal bacteria – there are several different types, called A, B, C, W, X, Y and Z.
  • pneumococcal bacteria.
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria.
  • enteroviruses – viruses that usually only cause a mild stomach infection.
  • the mumps virus.
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