What causes baby malnutrition?

Worldwide, poverty and lack of food are the primary reasons why malnutrition occurs. Families of low-income households do not always have enough healthy food to eat. When there is a household food shortage, children are the most vulnerable to malnutrition because of their high energy needs.

What can cause malnutrition in babies?

4 Causes of Malnutrition in Children

  • Poor qualify of diet.
  • Poor maternal health.
  • Socioeconomic status.
  • War and conflict.

What is the most common cause of infant malnutrition?

According to UNICEF the main causes of childhood malnutrition can be categorized into three main underlying factors which are; household food insecurity, inadequate care and unhealthy household environment, and lack of health care services [18].

What are the signs of malnutrition in a baby?


  • Weight Loss, Slow Weight Gain, or Underweight. Children gain weight at different rates. …
  • Not Growing Longer or Taller. …
  • Eating Less Than Usual. …
  • Not Eating Well Due to Stomach Problems. …
  • Less Active or Less Playful.
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What are the 4 causes of malnutrition?

Causes of malnutrition include inappropriate dietary choices, a low income, difficulty obtaining food, and various physical and mental health conditions.

Can breastfed babies be malnourished?

Despite the well-known advantages of breast-feeding to both mother and infant, malnutrition of breastfed infants does occur. We report two term neonates who presented in the 3rd week of life with severe wasting, hypernatraemic dehydration and pre-renal failure while being exclusively breastfed.

What are the immediate causes of malnutrition?

The immediate causes of malnutrition are an inadequate diet and disease. The manifestation of malnutrition is due to the difference between the amount of nutrients absorbed from food and the amount of nutrients required by the body.

What causes malnutrition in Africa?

According to the report, major causes of malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa include poverty, rising cost of living, and globalisation, which have led to overdependence on staples such as grains and tubers at the expense of nutrient-rich foods including fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, eggs and dairy.

What are the main causes of malnutrition?

Lack of food is the most cause of malnutrition in the poorer and developing countries. However, in developed countries like UK or USA the cause may be more varied. For example, those with a high calorie diet deficient in vital vitamins and minerals are also considered malnourished.

Why do malnourished babies have big bellies?

Kwashiorkor is a type of severe malnutrition that is most common in children. It occurs due to a lack of protein in the diet, which affects the balance and distribution of fluids in the body and often leads to a swollen belly.

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How do you treat malnutrition in babies?

Treatment may involve:

  1. dietary changes, such as eating foods high in energy and nutrients.
  2. support for families to help them manage factors affecting the child’s nutritional intake.
  3. treatment for any underlying medical conditions causing malnutrition.
  4. vitamin and mineral supplements.

What happens to a malnourished baby?

Symptoms of malnutrition in a child can include: not growing or putting on weight at the expected rate (faltering growth) changes in behaviour, such as being unusually irritable, slow or anxious. low energy levels and tiring more easily than other children.

How does malnutrition affect infants development?

Malnutrition can cause permanent, widespread damage to a child’s growth, development and well-being. Stunting in the first 1,000 days is associated with poorer performance in school, both because malnutrition affects brain development, and also because malnourished children are more likely to get sick and miss school.

What is the effect of malnutrition to a child?

Nearly half of all deaths in children under 5 are attributable to undernutrition; undernutrition puts children at greater risk of dying from common infections, increases the frequency and severity of such infections, and delays recovery.