What causes baby meningitis?

Many different types of bacteria can cause bacterial meningitis. In newborns, the most common causes are group B strep, E. coli, and less commonly, Listeria monocytogenes. In older kids, Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus) are often the causes.

How does a baby get meningitis?

Your baby can get meningitis when bacteria, viruses, or a fungus infecting another part of their body travels in the bloodstream to their brain and spinal cord. Out of 1,000 live births, about 0.1 to 0.4 neonates (a baby less than 28 days old) get meningitis, estimates a 2017 review.

What is the most common cause of meningitis in infants?

Several strains of bacteria can cause acute bacterial meningitis, most commonly: Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). This bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, young children and adults in the United States. It more commonly causes pneumonia or ear or sinus infections.

What are the symptoms of meningitis in babies?

Say that you are worried it could be meningitis or septicaemia.

  • Tense or bulging soft spot.
  • High temperature. ( …
  • Very sleepy / staing / expression / too sleepy to wake up.
  • Breathing fast / difficulty breathing.
  • Extreme shivering.
  • ‘Pin prick’ rash / marks or purple bruises anywhere on the body.
  • Sometimes diarrhoea.
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Is meningitis in newborns common?

Meningitis is an infection of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord (meninges). It can affect anyone, but is most common in babies, young children, teenagers and young adults.

How do you treat meningitis in babies?

Bacterial meningitis is treated with antibiotics that are typically given intravenously in the hospital through an IV. According to the AAP, most babies who receive prompt antibiotic treatment will recover completely.

What are the main causes of meningitis?

Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection.

  • meningococcal bacteria – there are several different types, called A, B, C, W, X, Y and Z.
  • pneumococcal bacteria.
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria.
  • enteroviruses – viruses that usually only cause a mild stomach infection.
  • the mumps virus.

Can a child get meningitis if vaccinated?

Types of meningitis: viral and bacterial

Bacterial meningitis (several types of bacteria are involved) is a very serious disease. It occurs rarely in developed countries (because of the success of vaccines), but when it does occur, children under the age of two are at greatest risk.

How do they test for meningitis in babies?

How is meningitis diagnosed in a child?

  1. Lumbar puncture (spinal tap). This is the only test that diagnoses meningitis. …
  2. Blood tests. These can help diagnose infections that cause meningitis.
  3. CT scan or MRI. These are tests that show images of the brain. …
  4. Nasal, throat, or rectal swabs.

What are the 3 types of meningitis?

Types of meningitis

  • Viral meningitis. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. …
  • Bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is contagious and caused by infection from certain bacteria. …
  • Fungal meningitis. Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis. …
  • Parasitic meningitis. …
  • Non-infectious meningitis.
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How is meningitis detected?

For a definitive diagnosis of meningitis, you’ll need a spinal tap to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In people with meningitis, the CSF often shows a low sugar (glucose) level along with an increased white blood cell count and increased protein.

How long does it take for a baby to recover from meningitis?

Most cases of viral meningitis can be recovered from at home with rest, water, and painkillers if necessary. Remember to ask a doctor or pharmacist before giving your baby any over-the-counter medication. Generally, you can expect your baby to recover from viral meningitis in 7 to 10 days.

Can babies get meningitis from a kiss?

A newborn baby girl in Iowa died on Tuesday after contracting the HSV-1 herpes virus through a kiss. The virus, which is the same one that causes cold sores, led to meningitis, a swelling of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Mariana Sifrit was born on July 1 and was by all accounts healthy.