Dietary intake of nitrates, nitrites, and nitrosamines can increase the endogenous formation of N-nitroso compounds in the stomach. Results from animal studies suggest that these compounds might be teratogenic.
What do nitrates do to a fetus?
Drinking or eating a lot of nitrates can stop red blood cells from doing their job of carrying oxygen. When red blood cells in babies less than 12 months old don’t carry oxygen well, it can make the baby’s skin look bluish or brownish (“Blue Baby Syndrome,” also called methemoglobinemia), and make the baby sick.
How bad are nitrites during pregnancy?
The amount of nitrites found in processed foods today is considered safe for pregnant women, according to registered dietitian Maria Pari-Keener, M.S.
Can nitrates cause birth defects?
Babies whose mothers take in nitrates through drinking water have an increased risk of experiencing cleft palate, spina bifida and other forms of birth defects according to a large study of children in Iowa and Texas.
What is the purpose of nitrates?
What are nitrates? Nitrates (or nitrites) are natural chemicals that are found in the soil, air and water. Nitrates are also used as a food additive to stop the growth of bacteria and to enhance the flavour and colour of foods.
What causes nitrates in urine during pregnancy?
What causes nitrites in urine? The presence of nitrites in urine most commonly means there’s a bacterial infection in your urinary tract. This is usually called a urinary tract infection (UTI). A UTI can happen anywhere in your urinary tract, including your bladder, ureters, kidneys, and urethra.
Why are nitrites bad for babies?
How Nitrates Can Be Harmful to Your Baby. In simplest terms, ingesting excessive amounts of nitrates can negatively affect the blood counts of very young babies. The medical term for this is methemoglobinemia. Babies suffering from methemoglobinemia will show periodic blueing of the mouth, hands, and feet.
Are nitrites and nitrates the same?
Nitrates and nitrites are two different types of compound. Nitrates (NO3) consist of one nitrogen atom and three oxygen atoms. Nitrites (NO2) consist of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. Nitrates are relatively inert, which means they’re stable and unlikely to change and cause harm.
How do you remove nitrates from your body?
Eat a diet high in antioxidants. Vitamin C and certain other vitamins can reduce the conversion of nitrates and nitrites to nitrosamines.
What u shouldn’t eat when pregnant?
Here are 11 foods and beverages to avoid or minimize while pregnant.
- High mercury fish. Mercury is a highly toxic element. …
- Undercooked or raw fish. This one will be tough for you sushi fans, but it’s an important one. …
- Undercooked, raw, and processed meat. …
- Raw eggs. …
- Organ meat. …
- Caffeine. …
- Raw sprouts. …
- Unwashed produce.
Do nitrates cross placenta?
Animal studies have shown some indication that nitrate, nitrite, and N-nitroso compounds may traverse the placenta and affect the fetus in utero (Bruning-Fann and Kaneene 1993; Fan et al. 1987; Gruener et al. 1973).
What is a blue baby when born?
Infant methemoglobinemia is also called “blue baby syndrome.” It is a condition where a baby’s skin turns blue. This happens when there is not enough oxygen in the blood. Methemoglobinemia is a condition that some babies are born with (congenital) or some develop early in life (acquired).
What causes blue baby syndrome?
Blue baby syndrome is typically caused by abnormalities in the heart, lungs, or blood. Normally, after receiving oxygen from the lungs, blood is delivered from the heart to the rest of the body. When it returns to the heart, the blood is sent to the lungs to collect more oxygen.
What are the side effects of nitrates?
Some common side effects of nitrates include headaches, flushing, dizziness, fainting, low blood pressure (hypotension) and irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmia).
What is bad about nitrates?
Sodium nitrate, a preservative that’s used in some processed meats, such as bacon, jerky and luncheon meats, could increase your heart disease risk. It’s thought that sodium nitrate may damage your blood vessels, making your arteries more likely to harden and narrow, leading to heart disease.
What do nitrites in urine mean?
Normal urine contains chemicals called nitrates. If bacteria enter the urinary tract, nitrates can turn into different, similarly named chemicals called nitrites. Nitrites in urine may be a sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI). UTIs are one of the most common types of infections, especially in women.