The station number is one of the signs of progression in labor. When labor begins, some women will have a baby who is fairly high in the pelvis with a station of -2. Other women start labor with a baby that is engaged at a 0 station, or lower.
At what station is the fetal head engaged?
This is measured in “stations.” A baby is at –3 station when the head is above the pelvis and at 0 station when the head is at the bottom of the pelvis (fully engaged). The baby is at +3 station when the head is beginning to emerge from the birth canal (crowning).
What does it mean when the baby is at minus one?
The baby is in a plus station when it is below the imaginary line. Zero station: Indicates that the presenting part (usually the baby’s head) is parallel to the spines. Negative value (-5 to -1): Indicates that the baby’s head is not engaged in the pelvis.
What does negative dilation mean?
If the value of scale factor k is negative, the dilation takes place in the opposite direction from the center of dilation on the same straight line containing the center and the pre-image point.
What does station mean in labor and delivery?
Station is another term used to indicate the progress of labor, and it refers to the position of the baby’s “presenting part” in relation to the ischial spines in the pelvis. A zero station means the presenting part (usually the baby’s head) is level with the spines.
What does 2cm long cervix mean?
When your cervix is 50 percent effaced, it’s about 2 cm long. At this point, it’s halfway to becoming short and thin enough to allow your baby to pass through the uterus and into the vagina. Most effacement usually happens during the first stage of labor, when your cervix is dilating to 6 cm.
What station is considered dropped?
0 station: The baby has descended to the point that the head has reached the bottom of the pelvis. This is the point at which the baby is said to have dropped and is fully engaged. +3 station: The point in labor at which the baby’s head is beginning to emerge from the birth canal.
What station do you start pushing?
When Is It Time To Start Pushing? Once your cervix is 10cm dilated, 100% effaced, and your baby is (at the very least) at 0 station, you are now what we call “complete,” and this is when you can start pushing.
What does loss of fetal station mean?
A vaginal exam can also identify loss of fetal station (movement of the fetal presenting part towards the abdominal cavity), which can occur with a uterine rupture if part of the fetus enters the peritoneum.
How many fingers should open for delivery?
Your care provider will place two fingers inside your vagina (called a vaginal examination) and work out how many finger widths fit into the opening of the cervix. If one fingertip fits, the cervix is considered to be 1 centimetre dilated.
What is the fetal station?
Fetal station refers to where the presenting part is in your pelvis. The presenting part. The presenting part is the part of the baby that leads the way through the birth canal. Most often, it is the baby’s head, but it can be a shoulder, the buttocks, or the feet.
How do I get my baby to lower the station?
Here’s what you can try:
- Walking. Walking can relax the pelvic muscles and open the hips. …
- Squatting. If walking opens up the hips, imagine how much more so squatting will. …
- Pelvic tilts. The rocking motion that can help get baby to move into the pelvic region can also be achieved through pelvic tilts.