How does diabetes affect a pregnant woman?

Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems.

How does diabetes affect the baby during pregnancy?

High blood glucose levels during pregnancy can also increase the chance that your baby will be born too early, weigh too much, or have breathing problems or low blood glucose right after birth. High blood glucose also can increase the chance that you will have a miscarriage link or a stillborn baby.

Can a diabetic mom have a healthy baby?

If you are healthy and your diabetes is well controlled when you become pregnant, you have a good chance of having a normal pregnancy and birth. Diabetes that is not well controlled during pregnancy can affect your health long-term and can also be risky for your baby.

What do they do if you have diabetes while pregnant?

Expectant mothers can help control gestational diabetes by eating healthy foods, exercising and, if necessary, taking medication. Controlling blood sugar can keep you and your baby healthy and prevent a difficult delivery. In women with gestational diabetes, blood sugar usually returns to normal soon after delivery.

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Do diabetic mothers deliver early?

Planning the birth

Although many women with type 1 or 2 diabetes have a healthy birth, there are some risks associated with giving birth if you have diabetes. You will be advised to give birth early to reduce the risk of stillbirth. This will usually be during week 37 or week 38 of your pregnancy.

What birth defects are caused by diabetes?

Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies. Diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy was linked with about 50% of the birth defect categories analyzed.

Can a baby get diabetes in the womb?

If your blood sugar remains consistently elevated during pregnancy, the excess sugar can pass through your womb to your unborn baby. This can increase your child’s future risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Other health risks associated with gestational diabetes include: Macrosomia.

Does diabetes increase risk of miscarriage?

Women with diabetes are at a much greater risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, and neonatal fatalities than women without diabetes.

Is diabetes pregnancy high risk?

Women with diabetes can and do have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. Managing diabetes can help reduce your risk for complications. Untreated diabetes increases your risk for pregnancy complications, like high blood pressure, depression, premature birth, birth defects and pregnancy loss.

What should a pregnant diabetic eat?

Gestational diabetes diet

  • Plenty of whole fruits and vegetables.
  • Moderate amounts of lean proteins and healthy fats.
  • Moderate amounts of whole grains, such as bread, cereal, pasta, and rice, plus starchy vegetables, such as corn and peas.
  • Fewer foods that have a lot of sugar, such as soft drinks, fruit juices, and pastries.
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What happens if sugar is high during pregnancy?

High blood sugar can cause problems all over the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves. It can harm the eyes, kidneys, and heart. In early pregnancy, high blood sugar can lead to birth defects in a growing baby.

Do diabetics have to have C sections?

A woman who has diabetes that is not well controlled has a higher chance of needing a C-section to deliver the baby. When the baby is delivered by a C-section, it takes longer for the woman to recover from childbirth.

Can Diabetics have a water birth?

The majority of women diagnosed with gestational diabetes will be told that they will not be able to have either a home birth or hospital water birth. This is due to women diagnosed with gestational diabetes being classed as high risk and being under consultant led care.

Can you give birth naturally with diabetes?

You can have a natural birth, but it’s recommended you have your baby in hospital. You might be advised to have your labour started early (induced). It’s slightly more common to have an elective caesarean section when the baby is large.